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nutritional values and taste of vegetables grown with led light

A number of researchers have conducted in-depth studies that demonstrate the benefits of proper dosage of LED light in specific wavelengths.

For example, a study conducted by Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture  studied several tomato varieties and various intensities of light. They found that certain varieties of tomatoes that receive extra light from LED grow lights contained up to twice as much vitamin C as the tomatoes not exposed to the LEDs.

Another study, published by Japanese researchers in 2012, demonstrated an increase in a particular antioxidant in mandarin oranges when plants were exposed to red (660nm) light.

In yet another study, scientists found that a pre-harvest LED light treatment was found to remarkably enhance antioxidant and nutritional properties of particular green vegetables due to the increased activity of the metabolic system for the protection from a mild photooxidative stress. Application of supplemental LED lighting to dill and parsley, for example, resulted in the accumulation of vitamin C and carbohydrates and in the enhancement of free radical binding activity and the activity of nitrate-reducing enzyme, according to this study from Vilnius University in Lithuania.

In a study from the University of Florida published in 2013,  Thomas Colquhoun demonstrated that fruit volatile profiles of tomato, strawberry, and blueberry can be manipulated with specific light treatments. (Volatiles are the chemicals emitted by a piece fruit that allow you to smell and taste it. These compounds are really important in providing flavor to fruit and vegetables.)

The Florida researchers also found that post-harvest food stored under LED lights improves in appearance and flavor.

More work on the potential of LEDs to improve flavor and nutrition is ongoing, with a number studies in progress. But the evidence, even now, is strong enough to have convinced numerous growing operations around the world to switch to LED lights in their operations.

– See more at: http://www.illumitex.com/food-grown-led-lights-tastes-better-better/#sthash.wYA7VXDY.dpuf






This is also known as horny goat weed and contains MAO inhibiting results. This herb along with other herbs containing MAO inhibiting assets can help intensify dopamine and norepinephrine.

Erectile dysfunction

It is sold as a health supplement, usually in raw herb, tablet, or capsule form and sometimes blended with other supplements. The over-exploitation of wild populations of Epimedium for use in traditional Chinese medicine is having potentially serious consequences for the long-term survival of several species, none of which is widely cultivated for medicinal purposes.

Herbal epimedium contains icariin, which has demonstrated in vitro PDE5 inhibitory properties.[7]

Icariin is purported to work by increasing levels of nitric oxide, which relax smooth muscle. It has been demonstrated to relax rabbit penile tissue by nitric oxide and PDE-5 activity.[8] Other research has demonstrated that injections of Epimedium extract directly into the penis of the rat results in an increase in penile blood pressure.[9]

Like sildenafil (the erectile dysfunction drug commonly sold as Viagra), icariin, the active compound in epimedium, inhibits the activity of PDE-5. In vitro assays have demonstrated that icariin weakly inhibits PDE-5 with an IC50 of around 1 μM,[10][11] while sildenafil has an IC50 of about 6.6 nM (.0066 μM) and vardenafil (Levitra) has an IC50 of about 0.7 nM (.0007 μM).[12] Measured differently, the EC50 of icariin is approximately 4.62 μM, while sildenafil’s is .42 μM.[13] With the weak potency of epimedium, and its unknown oral bioavailability, whether orally administered epidemium extract has any effect is unclear from the literature.

A published Italian study modified icariin structurally and investigated a number of derivatives.[14] Inhibitory concentrations for PDE-5 close to sildenafil could be reached. Moreover, the most potent PDE-5 inhibitor of this series was also found to be a less potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-6 (PDE-6) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate-phosphodiesterase (cAMP-PDE), thus showing it to have more specificity for PDE-5 than sildenafil.

Epimedium has been shown to up-regulate genes associated with nitric oxide production and changes in adenosine/guanine monophosphate balance in ways that other PDE5 inhibitors do not.

Epimedium was used in a patent infringement case to rescind parts of the U.S. Viagra patent based on historic use in Chinese medicine. The specific claim was that Viagra was the first medical example of a PDE5 inhibitor which treated erectile dysfunction and therefore claimed patent protection from all similar PDE5 inhibitors. Patent examiners used epimedium as an example of prior use and rescinded those portions of the patent, however, the Viagra patent still protects the manufacturing process or chemical formula for sildenafil.[15]

its cultivation

Some varieties and hybrids have been in western cultivation for the last 100 to 150 years. There is now a wide array of new Chinese species being cultivated in the west, many of which have only recently been discovered, and some of which have yet to be named. There are also many older Japanese hybrids and forms, extending the boundaries of the genus in cultivation. Few genera of plants have seen such a dramatic increase in newly discovered species, primarily thanks to the work of Mikinori Ogisu of Japan and Darrell Probst of Massachusetts. The majority of the Chinese species have not been fully tested for hardiness nor indeed for any other aspect of their culture. The initial assumption that the plants would only thrive where their native conditions could be closely replicated have proven to be overly cautious, as most varieties are proving extraordinarily amenable to general garden and container cultivation.

Gingko Biloba

Gingko Biloba

Similar to the study review done, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors were mentioned as lessening proceeds of the neurotransmitters dopamine and neorphinephrine, can lessen delay or avoid the pituitary’s age-related deterioration in HGH construction. It is considered that gingko biloba is one type of herbal treatment that is loaded with MAO inhibitors. However, physicians recommend warning in ingesting any MAO inhibitor, particularly if you are already ingesting prescription MAOI anti-depressant medicines.


800px-Mucuna_poggei_MS_3655 Mucuna黎豆属

Human growth hormone is created by the pituitary gland. Specified neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine created by the hypothalamus gland, also situated within the brain, support the pituitary’s construction as well as emission of HGH. According to the studies made, an age-related deterioration in the construction of these neurotransmitters might be entailed in a comparable deterioration of HGH construction. An herbal therapist suggests that if you want to neutralize this age-related hormone deficiency, taking mucuna or velvet bean might help because it works within the body as a forerunner to dopamine and norephinephrine and supports their intensified creation.



Chinese Yam – 山药

Chinese Yam山药

This herb is discovered in hilly parts of China and it contains lots of medicinal assets. Individuals utilize Chinese yams as a broad-spectrum remedy and blend it along with additional conventional herbs to make powerful elixirs. The yam includes a steroid known as diosgenins, which have an effect on the estrogen as well as progesterone hormones. It is also tagged as an efficient birth control herb(is this troublesome????). According to the study conducted, nutritional supplements created from undamaged yams might create distinctive outcomes, particularly in humans. Additionally, there is no enduring examinations done that had accurately evaluated the security as well as toxicity of Chinese yams.

Licorice Root

Licorice Root

Southern European civilizations have conventionally utilized licorice root to remedy gentle lung situations like bronchitis. The supplement contains demulcent as well as expectorant assets, making it helpful as cough syrup. Licorice root can as well strengthen the immune system and assist the body in combating cancer. Since conducted studies showed that licorice root can also instigate superfluous side effects, particularly if utilized recurrently, you must not utilize this herb until additional examination is performed.

Herbs that Stimulate HGH

Astragalus_glycyphyllos_fruitYellow Leader【植】黄芪属;


The herb Astragalus membranaceus also known as yellow leader is a perpetual plant significant to Chinese Conventional medicine. Individuals utilize this supplement as a broad stimulant containing constructive parts in aging, immunity, and absorption. Scientist examined the probable capacity of yellow leader to intensify growth hormone and these scientists discovered four lively components from the herb. The substances were examined on the pituitary glands of rats stayed in culture. The statistics demonstrated that every chemical accelerated the discharge of growth hormone. In view of that, the findings recommend that yellow leader might intensify growth hormones in humans as well. But, outcomes achieved in animal examinations do not essentially take a broad view, and the enduring security of yellow leader stays uncertain.

Astragalus is a large genus of about 3,000 species of herbs and small shrubs, belonging to the legume family Fabaceae and the subfamily Faboideae. It is the largest genus of plants in terms of described species.[1] The genus is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Common names include milkvetch (most species), locoweed (in North America, some species)[2] and goat’s-thorn (A. gummifer, A. tragacanthus). Some pale-flowered vetches are similar in appearance, but vetches are more vine-like.

Biotechnology firms are working on deriving a telomerase activator from Astragalus. The chemical constituent cycloastragenol (also called TAT2) is being studied to help combat HIV, as well as infections associated with chronic diseases or aging.[8] However, the National Institutes of Health states: “The evidence for using astragalus for any health condition is limited. High-quality clinical trials (studies in people) are generally lacking. There is some preliminary evidence to suggest that astragalus, either alone or in combination with other herbs, may have potential benefits for the immune system, heart, and liver, and as an adjunctive therapy for cancer”.[9]

Research at the UCLA AIDS Institute focused on the function of cycloastragenol in the aging process of immune cells, and its effects on the cells’ response to viral infections. It appears to increase the production of telomerase, an enzyme that mediates the replacement of short bits of DNA known as telomeres, which play a key role in cell replication, including in cancer processes.[10]

Extracts of Astragalus propinquus ( syn. A. membranaceus) are marketed as life-prolonging extracts for human use. A proprietary extract of the dried root of A. membranaceus, called TA-65, “was associated with a significant age-reversal effect in the immune system, in that it led to declines in the percentage of senescent cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells after six to twelve months of use”.[11] There are mixed data regarding Astragalus, its effects on telomerase, and cancer. For example, although 80% of cancer cells utilize telomerase for their proliferation—a factor that might theoretically be exacerbated by Astragalus—the shortening of telomeres (resulting from such factors as stress and aging and possible contributors to malignancy), might also be mitigated by Astragalus. Thus, short telomeres result in chromosome instability, and the potential for telomere lengthening as a protection against cancer is possible.[12] Additionally, scientists recently reported that cancer cells may proliferate precisely because of the lack of differentiation occurring via damaged or shortened telomere length. They propose that “forced” elongation of telomeres promotes the differentiation of cancer cells, probably reducing malignancy, which is strongly associated with a loss of cell differentiation.


precision farming techniques

starting from this news –

BOCA RATON, Fla.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–February 24, 2016–

Zero Gravity Solutions, Inc.’s (ZGSI or the Company) (Pink Sheets: ZGSI), an agricultural biotechnology public company commercializing its technology derived from and designed for Space with significant applications on Earth, has previously announced the notification of approval for BAM-FX by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The Company today was issued U.S. Patent No. 9,266,785 for BAM-FX.

BAM-FX is the first formulation of a family of BAM (Bio Available Minerals) products designed to increase crop yields and quality while also addressing –

  • crop plant mineral deficiencies and the stress related challenges facing agriculture worldwide.  Major problems facing agriculture include population growth and the hidden hunger of humans on our planet, known globally as crop mineral deficiencies in (zinc, selenium, iron and iodine), and coping with the now common weather events resulting in excessive heat and drought, frost and wind damage. Furthermore, soil degradation caused by excessive use of chemicals/fertilizers and subsequent damage to aquifers and water bodies caused by run-off can all be potentially mitigated by adopting the use of Precision Agricultural micronutrient products such as BAM-FX that help increase the efficiencies of fertilizer use.