xampp – the engine that drives our site

this is a very powerful framework to power your overall website development.

https://www.apachefriends.org/zh_cn/add-ons.html

在XAMPP上安装你最喜欢的应用。Bitnami提供一个免费的通用工具,用于在XAMPP上安装Drupal、Joomla!、WordPress和其他许多流行的开源应用。

 

Camellia sinensis – chinese tea tree

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. It is of the genus Camellia (Chinese: 茶花; pinyin: Cháhuā, literally: “tea flower”) of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. Common names include “tea plant”, “tea shrub”, and “tea tree” (not to be confused with Melaleuca alternifolia, the source of tea tree oil, or Leptospermum scoparium, the New Zealand teatree).

Two major varieties are grown: Camellia sinensis var. sinensis for Chinese teas, and Camellia sinensis var. assamica for Indian Assam teas.[2] White tea, yellow tea, green tea, oolong, pu-erh tea and black tea are all harvested from one or the other, but are processed differently to attain varying levels of oxidation. Kukicha (twig tea) is also harvested from Camellia sinensis, but uses twigs and stems rather than leaves.

Cucurbitacin E

Cucurbitacin E is a biochemical compound from the family of Cucurbitacins. These are found in plants which are member of the family Cucurbitaceae, most of them coming from traditional Chinese medicinal plants, but also in other plants such as pumpkins and gourds.

Cucurbitacin E is a highly oxidated steroid consisting of a tetracyclic triterpene. Specific changes on this molecule under certain conditions can generate other types of Cucurbitacins such as Cucurbitacin I, J, K and L.

Nowadays it is being highly investigated because it has been discovered that this molecule has a wide range of biological properties that could help treating many diseases.

  • Anti-inflammatory.
  • Inhibition of the tumor growth through inhibiting tumor angiogenesis.
  • It has also been proved that Cucurbitacin E is an activator of T-lymphocytes and its effect increases when it is associated with PHA molecule.
  • Antioxidant properties.
  • Cytotoxic effect.
  • Cytostatic effect.
  • Hepatoprotecive effect
  • Insecticide effect [1]

Blueberry portal

Blueberry%20fruit%20024a

blueberry-bushes

blueberries%20712w

Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with indigo-colored berries from the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium (a genus that also includes cranberries, bilberries and grouseberries). Species in the section Cyanococcus are the most common[1] fruits sold as “blueberries” and are native to North America.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blueberry

Blueberries are usually erect, prostrate shrubs that can vary in size from 10 centimeters (3.9 in) to 4 meters (13 ft) in height. In the commercial production of blueberries, the smaller species are known as “low-bush blueberries” (synonymous with “wild”), while the larger species are known as “high-bush blueberries”.

The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen, ovate to lanceolate, and 1–8 cm (0.39–3.15 in) long and 0.5–3.5 cm (0.20–1.38 in) broad. The flowers are bell-shaped, white, pale pink or red, sometimes tinged greenish. The fruit is a berry 5–16 millimeters (0.20–0.63 in) in diameter with a flared crown at the end; they are pale greenish at first, then reddish-purple, and finally dark purple when ripe. They are covered in a protective coating of powdery epicuticular wax, colloquially known as the “bloom”.[3] They have a sweet taste when mature, with variable acidity. Blueberry bushes typically bear fruit in the middle of the growing season: fruiting times are affected by local conditions such as altitude and latitude, so the peak of the crop can vary from May to August (in the northern hemisphere) depending upon these conditions.

Vaccinium angustifolium, commonly known as the lowbush blueberry, is a species of blueberry native to eastern and central Canada (from Manitoba to Newfoundland) and the northeastern United States, growing as far south as the Great Smoky Mountains and west to the Great Lakes region.

Lowbush-Blueberry_6556

 

 

 

nutritional values and taste of vegetables grown with led light

A number of researchers have conducted in-depth studies that demonstrate the benefits of proper dosage of LED light in specific wavelengths.

For example, a study conducted by Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture  studied several tomato varieties and various intensities of light. They found that certain varieties of tomatoes that receive extra light from LED grow lights contained up to twice as much vitamin C as the tomatoes not exposed to the LEDs.

Another study, published by Japanese researchers in 2012, demonstrated an increase in a particular antioxidant in mandarin oranges when plants were exposed to red (660nm) light.

In yet another study, scientists found that a pre-harvest LED light treatment was found to remarkably enhance antioxidant and nutritional properties of particular green vegetables due to the increased activity of the metabolic system for the protection from a mild photooxidative stress. Application of supplemental LED lighting to dill and parsley, for example, resulted in the accumulation of vitamin C and carbohydrates and in the enhancement of free radical binding activity and the activity of nitrate-reducing enzyme, according to this study from Vilnius University in Lithuania.

In a study from the University of Florida published in 2013,  Thomas Colquhoun demonstrated that fruit volatile profiles of tomato, strawberry, and blueberry can be manipulated with specific light treatments. (Volatiles are the chemicals emitted by a piece fruit that allow you to smell and taste it. These compounds are really important in providing flavor to fruit and vegetables.)

The Florida researchers also found that post-harvest food stored under LED lights improves in appearance and flavor.

More work on the potential of LEDs to improve flavor and nutrition is ongoing, with a number studies in progress. But the evidence, even now, is strong enough to have convinced numerous growing operations around the world to switch to LED lights in their operations.

– See more at: http://www.illumitex.com/food-grown-led-lights-tastes-better-better/#sthash.wYA7VXDY.dpuf

Epimedium淫羊藿

Epimedium

Rowdy_Lamb_Herb

1280px-Epimedium_alpinum_NRM

Elfenblume_(Epimedium_x_versicolor)

This is also known as horny goat weed and contains MAO inhibiting results. This herb along with other herbs containing MAO inhibiting assets can help intensify dopamine and norepinephrine.

Erectile dysfunction

It is sold as a health supplement, usually in raw herb, tablet, or capsule form and sometimes blended with other supplements. The over-exploitation of wild populations of Epimedium for use in traditional Chinese medicine is having potentially serious consequences for the long-term survival of several species, none of which is widely cultivated for medicinal purposes.

Herbal epimedium contains icariin, which has demonstrated in vitro PDE5 inhibitory properties.[7]

Icariin is purported to work by increasing levels of nitric oxide, which relax smooth muscle. It has been demonstrated to relax rabbit penile tissue by nitric oxide and PDE-5 activity.[8] Other research has demonstrated that injections of Epimedium extract directly into the penis of the rat results in an increase in penile blood pressure.[9]

Like sildenafil (the erectile dysfunction drug commonly sold as Viagra), icariin, the active compound in epimedium, inhibits the activity of PDE-5. In vitro assays have demonstrated that icariin weakly inhibits PDE-5 with an IC50 of around 1 μM,[10][11] while sildenafil has an IC50 of about 6.6 nM (.0066 μM) and vardenafil (Levitra) has an IC50 of about 0.7 nM (.0007 μM).[12] Measured differently, the EC50 of icariin is approximately 4.62 μM, while sildenafil’s is .42 μM.[13] With the weak potency of epimedium, and its unknown oral bioavailability, whether orally administered epidemium extract has any effect is unclear from the literature.

A published Italian study modified icariin structurally and investigated a number of derivatives.[14] Inhibitory concentrations for PDE-5 close to sildenafil could be reached. Moreover, the most potent PDE-5 inhibitor of this series was also found to be a less potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-6 (PDE-6) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate-phosphodiesterase (cAMP-PDE), thus showing it to have more specificity for PDE-5 than sildenafil.

Epimedium has been shown to up-regulate genes associated with nitric oxide production and changes in adenosine/guanine monophosphate balance in ways that other PDE5 inhibitors do not.

Epimedium was used in a patent infringement case to rescind parts of the U.S. Viagra patent based on historic use in Chinese medicine. The specific claim was that Viagra was the first medical example of a PDE5 inhibitor which treated erectile dysfunction and therefore claimed patent protection from all similar PDE5 inhibitors. Patent examiners used epimedium as an example of prior use and rescinded those portions of the patent, however, the Viagra patent still protects the manufacturing process or chemical formula for sildenafil.[15]

its cultivation

Some varieties and hybrids have been in western cultivation for the last 100 to 150 years. There is now a wide array of new Chinese species being cultivated in the west, many of which have only recently been discovered, and some of which have yet to be named. There are also many older Japanese hybrids and forms, extending the boundaries of the genus in cultivation. Few genera of plants have seen such a dramatic increase in newly discovered species, primarily thanks to the work of Mikinori Ogisu of Japan and Darrell Probst of Massachusetts. The majority of the Chinese species have not been fully tested for hardiness nor indeed for any other aspect of their culture. The initial assumption that the plants would only thrive where their native conditions could be closely replicated have proven to be overly cautious, as most varieties are proving extraordinarily amenable to general garden and container cultivation.

Gingko Biloba

Gingko Biloba

Similar to the study review done, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors were mentioned as lessening proceeds of the neurotransmitters dopamine and neorphinephrine, can lessen delay or avoid the pituitary’s age-related deterioration in HGH construction. It is considered that gingko biloba is one type of herbal treatment that is loaded with MAO inhibitors. However, physicians recommend warning in ingesting any MAO inhibitor, particularly if you are already ingesting prescription MAOI anti-depressant medicines.

Mucuna黎豆属

800px-Mucuna_poggei_MS_3655 Mucuna黎豆属

Human growth hormone is created by the pituitary gland. Specified neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine created by the hypothalamus gland, also situated within the brain, support the pituitary’s construction as well as emission of HGH. According to the studies made, an age-related deterioration in the construction of these neurotransmitters might be entailed in a comparable deterioration of HGH construction. An herbal therapist suggests that if you want to neutralize this age-related hormone deficiency, taking mucuna or velvet bean might help because it works within the body as a forerunner to dopamine and norephinephrine and supports their intensified creation.

Mucuna_birdwoodiana

 

Chinese Yam – 山药

Chinese Yam山药

This herb is discovered in hilly parts of China and it contains lots of medicinal assets. Individuals utilize Chinese yams as a broad-spectrum remedy and blend it along with additional conventional herbs to make powerful elixirs. The yam includes a steroid known as diosgenins, which have an effect on the estrogen as well as progesterone hormones. It is also tagged as an efficient birth control herb(is this troublesome????). According to the study conducted, nutritional supplements created from undamaged yams might create distinctive outcomes, particularly in humans. Additionally, there is no enduring examinations done that had accurately evaluated the security as well as toxicity of Chinese yams.